Click this link for a Cell Structure/Function and Cell Membranes Student Learning Guide

1. A guide to plant cell organelles

Many plant cell organelles are also found in animal cells. In what follows, I’ll focus on the parts unique to plants, and list the name and function of those organelles shared by both kingdoms. For an overview of animal cells, see the previous tutorial.

plant_cell_numbered

The cell wall

Part 1 is the cell wall. Cell walls are composed of cellulose, or plant fiber. This polysaccharide provides plant cells with strength and rigidity. The cellulose in cell walls is what makes up wood and cotton. In a more processed form, it’s what makes up paper.

The Central Vacuole

Part 4 is the central vacuole. It’s a storage organelle, storing water, dissolved substances, and wastes. It also maintains the correct water pressure inside the cell, allowing the cell’s cytoplasm and membrane to push against the cell wall, keeping the plant’s various parts (leaves, stems, etc) rigid and firm.

Chloroplast

Part 10 is the chloroplast. Chloroplasts carry out photosynthesis, using the sun’s energy to combine water and carbon dioxide to make carbohydrates. Oxygen is a by-product of this reaction.

Like mitochondria, chloroplasts are practically cells in their own right. They are the descendants of once free-living prokaryotic cells that took up residence within an ancient eukaryotic cell, which then evolved into the ancestor of modern day plants.

Parts shared by both animal and plant cells

  • 2: cell membrane
  • 3: cytoplasm
  • 5: mitochondrion
  • 6. Golgi apparatus
  • 7. Endoplasmic reticulum
  • 8. Chromosome
  • 9. Nucleus

2. Matching: Labeling plant cell parts and functions

[qwiz style = “width: 668px; border: 3px solid black; ” qrecord_id=”sciencemusicvideosMeister1961-Plant Cell Matching (M7)”]

[h] Interactive Diagrams: Plant Cell Parts Matching

[i]

[q labels = “top”]

 

[l]cell membrane

[fx] No.  Please try again.

[f*] Great!

[l]cell wall

[fx] No.  Please try again.

[f*] Great!

[l]central vacuole

[fx] No, that’s not correct.  Please try again.

[f*] Correct!

[l]chloroplast

[fx] No.  Please try again.

[f*] Correct!

[l]chromosome

[fx] No.  Please try again.

[f*] Good!

[l]cytoplasm

[fx] No.  Please try again.

[f*] Excellent!

[l]Endoplasmic reticulum

[fx] No, that’s not correct.  Please try again.

[f*] Great!

[l]Golgi complex

[fx] No.  Please try again.

[f*] Great!

[l]mitochondrion

[fx] No.  Please try again.

[f*] Great!

[l]nucleus

[fx] No, that’s not correct.  Please try again.

[f*] Excellent!

[q labels = “top”]

 

[l]makes ATP

[fx] No. Please try again.

[f*] Good!

[l]rigidity and strength

[fx] No, that’s not correct. Please try again.

[f*] Good!

[l]photosynthesis

[fx] No, that’s not correct. Please try again.

[f*] Excellent!

[l]made of DNA

[fx] No. Please try again.

[f*] Correct!

[l]makes proteins for export

[fx] No. Please try again.

[f*] Correct!

[l]gel-like fluid; chemical reactions

[fx] No, that’s not correct. Please try again.

[f*] Great!

[l]stores water and other substances

[fx] No. Please try again.

[f*] Great!

[l]holds chromosomes

[fx] No, that’s not correct. Please try again.

[f*] Excellent!

[l]protein packaging and distribution

[fx] No. Please try again.

[f*] Great!

[l]gatekeeper

[fx] No, that’s not correct. Please try again.

[f*] Correct!

[/qwiz]

3. Quiz Plant Cell Parts

[qwiz random = “true”; style = “border: 3px solid black; ” qrecord_id=”sciencemusicvideosMeister1961-Plant Cells (AP)MC”]

[h] Quiz: Plant Cell Parts
[i] Here’s how the quiz works:

  • Each question is multiple choice, but the entire quiz is like a series of flashcards.
  • If you get the question right, it comes off the deck.
  • If you get the question wrong, it goes to the bottom of the deck, so you can try it again.

[!] Question 1++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the cytoplasm?

[c] 9     [c] 10     [c*] 3    [c] 4     [c] 6

[f] No. Number 9 is pointing to the nucleus, the cell’s control center. The cytoplasm is the entire region of cellular material inside the membrane.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 10 is pointing to a chloroplast, which performs photosynthesis. The cytoplasm is the entire region of cellular material inside the membrane.

[f] Fantastic! Number 3 is pointing to the cytoplasm.

[f] Not quite. Number 4 is pointing to the cell’s large, central vacuole, which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape. The cytoplasm is the entire region of cellular material inside the membrane.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 6 is pointing to the Golgi apparatus, which is responsible for packaging and sorting proteins. The cytoplasm is the entire region of cellular material inside the membrane.

[!] Question 2++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the cell membrane?

[c*] 2     [c] 4     [c] 6     [c] 8     [c] 10

[f] Exactly. Number two is pointing to the cell membrane, which functions as the cell’s selectively permeable boundary.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 4 is pointing to the plant cell’s large, central vacuole, which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape. The cell membrane is what holds in the cytoplasm. Which number would that part be?

[f] No. Number 6 is pointing to the Golgi apparatus, which is responsible for packaging and sorting proteins. The cell membrane is what holds in the cytoplasm. Which number would that part be?

[f] Not quite. Number 8 is pointing to one of the cell’s chromosomes, which store the cell’s hereditary information. The cell membrane is what holds in the cytoplasm. Which number would that part be?

[f] That’s not correct. Number 10 is pointing to a chloroplast, which performs photosynthesis. The cell membrane is what holds in the cytoplasm. Which number would that part be?

[!] Question 3++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the endoplasmic reticulum (E.R.)?

[c] 4     [c*] 7     [c] 8     [c] 9     [c] 3

[f] No. That’s not correct. Number 4 is pointing to the cell’s large, central vacuole, which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape. The endoplasmic reticulum is a network of membrane-bound channels in-between the nucleus and the Golgi body.

[f] Perfect! Number 7 is pointing to the endoplasmic reticulum, which manufactures membrane-bound proteins, proteins for export, and lipids.

[f] Not quite. Number 8 is pointing to one of the cell’s chromosomes, which store the cell’s hereditary information.The endoplasmic reticulum is a network of membrane-bound channels in-between the nucleus and the Golgi body.

[f] That’s not correct.Number 9 is pointing to the nucleus, the cell’s control center.The endoplasmic reticulum is a network of membrane-bound channels in-between the nucleus and the Golgi body.

[f] No. That’s not correct. Number 3 is pointing to the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm is the fluid interior of the cell, and the site of much of the cell’s metabolism. The endoplasmic reticulum is a network of membrane-bound channels in-between the nucleus and the Golgi body.

[!] Question 4++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to a chloroplast?

[c] 1     [c] 3     [c] 5     [c] 7     [c*] 10

[f] No. Number 1 is pointing to the cell wall. To find a chloroplast, look for an organelle that looks like a bacterial cell, and which contains the green pigment chlorophyll (which chloroplasts use for photosynthesis).

[f] That’s not correct. Number 3 is pointing to the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm is the fluid interior of the cell, and the site of much of the cell’s metabolism. To find a chloroplast, look for an organelle that looks like a bacterial cell, and which contains the green pigment chlorophyll (which chloroplasts use for photosynthesis).

[f] No. Number 5 is pointing to a mitochondrion, which serves as the cell’s energy factory. To find a chloroplast, look for an organelle that looks like a bacterial cell, and which contains the green pigment chlorophyll (which chloroplasts use for photosynthesis).

[f] That’s not correct. Number 7 is pointing to the endoplasmic reticulum, which manufactures membrane-bound proteins, proteins for export, and lipids. To find a chloroplast, look for an organelle that looks like a bacterial cell, and which contains the green pigment chlorophyll (which chloroplasts use for photosynthesis).

[f] Excellent. Number 10 is pointing to a chloroplast. Chloroplasts carry out photosynthesis for plant cells, They look like tiny bacterial cells because, they once lived independently as photosynthetic bacteria. Now, they live inside plant cells. If you want to pursue this idea, research the idea of endosymbiosis, promoted by Professor Lynn Margulis.

[!] Question 5++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing toward the cell wall?

[c] 5     [c] 7     [c] 9     [c*] 1     [c] 3

[f] No. Number 5 is pointing to a mitochondrion, which serves as the cell’s energy factory. The cell wall is the outer boundary of a plant cell. Next time, choose the outermost part.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 7 is pointing to the endoplasmic reticulum, which manufactures membrane-bound proteins, proteins for export, and lipids. The cell wall is the outer boundary of a plant cell. Next time, choose the outermost part.

[f] No. Number 9 is pointing to the nucleus, the cell’s control center. The cell wall is the outer boundary of a plant cell. Next time, choose the outermost part.

[f] That’s right. Number 1 is pointing to the cell wall. Its main function is providing plant cell’s with strength and rigidity, and the main component is cellulose, a polysaccharide.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 3 is pointing to the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm is the fluid interior of the cell, and the site of much of the cell’s metabolism. The cell wall is the outer boundary of a plant cell. Next time, choose the outermost part.

[!] Question 6++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the nucleus?

[c] 2     [c] 4     [c] 6     [c*] 9     [c] 2

[f] No. Number 2 is pointing to the cell membrane, which functions as the cell’s selectively permeable boundary. The nucleus is a spherical region deep inside the cell. To find the nucleus, first find the chromosomes, and then select the spherical region outside.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 4 is pointing to the cell’s large, central vacuole, which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape. The nucleus is a spherical region deep inside the cell. To find the nucleus, first find the chromosomes, and then select the spherical region outside.

[f] No. Number 6 is pointing to the Golgi apparatus, which is responsible for packaging and sorting proteins. The nucleus is a spherical region deep inside the cell. To find the nucleus, first find the chromosomes, and then select the spherical region outside.

[f] Exactly. Number 9 is pointing to the nucleus, the cell’s control center. The nucleus contains the chromosomes, which contain the cell’s genetic information.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 2 is pointing to the cell membrane, which functions as the cell’s selectively permeable boundary. The nucleus is a spherical region deep inside the cell. To find the nucleus, first find the chromosomes, and then select the spherical region outside.

[!] Question 7++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the central vacuole?

[c] 2     [c*] 4     [c] 6     [c] 8     [c] 10

[f] No. Number 2 is pointing to the cell membrane, which functions as the cell’s selectively permeable boundary. The vacuole is the huge, membrane-bound region in the center of the cell,  which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape.

[f] Awesome!. Number 4 is pointing to the cell’s large, central vacuole, which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape.

[f] No. Number 6 is pointing to the Golgi apparatus, which is responsible for packaging and sorting proteins. The vacuole is the huge, membrane-bound region in the center of the cell,  which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape.

[f] Not quite. Number 8 is pointing to one of the cell’s chromosomes, which store the cell’s hereditary information. The vacuole is the huge, membrane-bound region in the center of the cell,  which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 10 is pointing to a chloroplast, which performs photosynthesis. The vacuole is the huge, membrane-bound region in the center of the cell,  which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape.

[!] Question 8++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to a mitochondrion?

[c] 6     [c] 9     [c] 10     [c] 4     [c*] 5

[f] That’s not correct. Number 6 is pointing to the Golgi apparatus, which is responsible for packaging and sorting proteins. The mitochondrion is one of the two organelles that look somewhat like bacterial cells living inside the plant cell. The mitochondria serve as the cell’s energy factories, and don’t have the green pigment chlorophyll.

[f] No. Number 9 is pointing to the nucleus, the cell’s control center. The mitochondria are one of the two organelles that look somewhat like bacterial cells living inside the plant cell. The mitochondria serve as the cell’s energy factories, and don’t have the green pigment chlorophyll.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 10 is pointing to a chloroplast, which performs photosynthesis. The mitochondria are one of the two organelles that look somewhat like bacterial cells living inside the plant cell. The mitochondria serve as the cell’s energy factories, and don’t have the green pigment chlorophyll.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 4 is pointing to the cell’s large, central vacuole, which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape. The mitochondria are one of the two organelles that look somewhat like bacterial cells living inside the plant cell. The mitochondria serve as the cell’s energy factories, and don’t have the green pigment chlorophyll.

[f] Terrific, Number 5 is pointing to a mitochondrion, which serves as the cell’s energy factory. Mitochondria look like tiny bacterial cells because that’s what they are: tiny, semi-independent bacterial cells living inside the larger eukaryotic cells that make up both plants and animals. If you’re interested in this, look up the work of Lynn Margulis, and her endosymbiotic theory of the origins of mitochondria and chloroplasts.

[!] Question 9++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the Golgi apparatus (also referred to as the Golgi complex or Golgi body)?

[c*] 6     [c] 7     [c] 9     [c] 10     [c] 2

[f] Nice Job! Number 6 is pointing to the Golgi apparatus, which is responsible for packaging and sorting proteins. The Golgi receives these proteins from the rough endoplasmic reticulum, and then passes them on to organelles such as lysosomes, or to the membrane for export from the cell.

[f] No. That’s not correct. Number 7 is pointing to the endoplasmic reticulum, which manufactures membrane-bound proteins, proteins for export, and lipids. The Golgi apparatus is a stack of flattened sacs located in the region between the endoplasmic reticulum and the membrane.

[f] No. Number 9 is pointing to the nucleus, the cell’s control center. The Golgi apparatus is a stack of flattened sacs located in the region between the endoplasmic reticulum and the membrane.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 10 is pointing to a chloroplast, which performs photosynthesis. The Golgi apparatus is a stack of flattened sacs located in the region between the endoplasmic reticulum and the membrane.

[f] No. Number 2 is pointing to the cell membrane, which functions as the cell’s selectively permeable boundary. The Golgi apparatus is a stack of flattened sacs located in the region between the endoplasmic reticulum and the membrane.

[!] Question 10++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to a chromosome?

[c] 4     [c] 6     [c*] 8     [c] 9     [c] 2

[f] No. That’s not correct. Number 4 is pointing to the cell’s large, central vacuole, which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape. To find the chromosomes, which store genetic information, look inside the cell’s nucleus.

[f] No. Number 6 is pointing to the Golgi apparatus, which is responsible for packaging and sorting proteins. To find the chromosomes, which store genetic information, look inside the cell’s nucleus.

[f] Fabulous! Number 8 is pointing to one of the cell’s chromosomes, which store the cell’s hereditary information.

[f] No (but your answer is very close to being correct). Number 9 is pointing to the nucleus, the cell’s control center. The chromosomes are inside the nucleus.

[f] No. That’s not correct. Number 2 is pointing to the cell membrane, which functions as the cell’s selectively permeable boundary. To find the chromosomes, which store genetic information, look inside the cell’s nucleus.

 

[!] Question 1++FROM PARTS AND FUNCTIONS++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing the clear fluid that serves as the site for many of the cell’s chemical reactions?

[c] 9     [c] 10     [c*] 3     [c] 4     [c] 6

[f] No. Number 9 is pointing to the nucleus, the cell’s control center. You’re looking for a part that defines the entire region of cellular material inside the membrane.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 10 is pointing to a chloroplast, which performs photosynthesis. You’re looking for a part that defines the entire region of cellular material inside the membrane.

[f] Fantastic! Number 3 is pointing to the cytoplasm, the site of many of the cell’s chemical reactions.

[f] Not quite. Number 4 is pointing to the cell’s large, central vacuole, which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape. You’re looking for a part that defines the entire region of cellular material inside the membrane.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 6 is pointing to the Golgi apparatus, which is responsible for packaging and sorting proteins. You’re looking for a part that defines the entire region of cellular material inside the membrane.

[!] Question 2++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the selectively permeable boundary that controls what enters and leaves the cell?

[c*] 2     [c] 4     [c] 6     [c] 8     [c] 10

[f] Exactly. Number two is pointing to the cell membrane, which functions as the cell’s selectively permeable boundary.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 4 is pointing to the plant cell’s large, central vacuole, which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape. You’re looking for the part just outside of the cytoplasm, which controls what can enter the cytoplasm and what can leave it.

[f] No. Number 6 is pointing to the Golgi apparatus, which is responsible for packaging and sorting proteins. You’re looking for the part just outside of the cytoplasm, which controls what can enter the cytoplasm and what can leave it.

[f] Not quite. Number 8 is pointing to one of the cell’s chromosomes, which store the cell’s hereditary information. You’re looking for the part just outside of the cytoplasm, which controls what can enter the cytoplasm and what can leave it.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 10 is pointing to a chloroplast, which performs photosynthesis. You’re looking for the part just outside of the cytoplasm, which controls what can enter the cytoplasm and what can leave it.

[!] Question 3++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the part which manufactures membrane-bound proteins, proteins for export, and lipids?

[c] 4     [c*] 7     [c] 8     [c] 9     [c] 3

[f] No. That’s not correct. Number 4 is pointing to the cell’s large, central vacuole, which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape. The part you’re looking for is a network of membrane-bound channels in-between the nucleus and the Golgi body.

[f] Perfect! Number 7 is pointing to the endoplasmic reticulum, which manufactures membrane-bound proteins, proteins for export, and lipids.

[f] Not quite. Number 8 is pointing to one of the cell’s chromosomes, which store the cell’s hereditary information. The part you’re looking for is a network of membrane-bound channels in-between the nucleus and the Golgi body.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 10 is pointing to a chloroplast, which performs photosynthesis. The part you’re looking for is a network of membrane-bound channels in-between the nucleus and the Golgi body.

[f] No. That’s not correct. Number 3 is pointing to the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm is the fluid interior of the cell, and the site of much of the cell’s metabolism. The part you’re looking for is a network of membrane-bound channels in-between the nucleus and the Golgi body.

[!] Question 4++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the part which performs photosynthesis?

[c] 1     [c] 3     [c] 5     [c] 7     [c*] 10

[f] No. Number 1 is pointing to the cell wall. The part that performs photosynthesis looks like a bacterial cell. It’s also green, because it contains the green pigment chlorophyll (which it uses for photosynthesis).

[f] That’s not correct. Number 3 is pointing to the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm is the fluid interior of the cell, and the site of much of the cell’s metabolism. The part that performs photosynthesis looks like a bacterial cell. It’s also green, because it contains the green pigment chlorophyll (which it uses for photosynthesis).

[f] No. Number 5 is pointing to a mitochondrion, which serves as the cell’s energy factory.The part that performs photosynthesis looks like a bacterial cell. It’s also green, because it contains the green pigment chlorophyll (which it uses for photosynthesis).

[f] That’s not correct. Number 7 is pointing to the endoplasmic reticulum, which manufactures membrane-bound proteins, proteins for export, and lipids. The part that performs photosynthesis looks like a bacterial cell. It’s also green, because it contains the green pigment chlorophyll (which it uses for photosynthesis).

[f] Excellent. Number 10 is pointing to a chloroplast. Chloroplasts carry out photosynthesis for plant cells, They look like tiny bacterial cells because, they once lived independently as photosynthetic bacteria. Now, they live inside plant cells. If you want to pursue this idea, research the idea of endosymbiosis, promoted by Professor Lynn Margulis.

[!] Question 5++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing toward the the part that provides plant cells with strength and rigidity?

[c] 5     [c] 7     [c] 9     [c*] 1     [c] 3

[f] No. Number 5 is pointing to a mitochondrion, which serves as the cell’s energy factory. The part that provides plant cells with strength and rigidity is the outer boundary of a plant cell.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 7 is pointing to the endoplasmic reticulum, which manufactures membrane-bound proteins, proteins for export, and lipids. The part that provides plant cells with strength and rigidity is the outer boundary of a plant cell.

[f] No. Number 9 is pointing to the nucleus, the cell’s control center. The cell wall is the outer boundary of a plant cell. The part that provides plant cells with strength and rigidity is the outer boundary of a plant cell.

[f] That’s right. Number 1 is pointing to the cell wall. Its main function is providing plant cell’s with strength and rigidity, and the main component is cellulose, a polysaccharide.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 3 is pointing to the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm is the fluid interior of the cell, and the site of much of the cell’s metabolism. The part that provides plant cells with strength and rigidity is the outer boundary of a plant cell.

[!] Question 6++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the cell’s control center?

[c] 2     [c] 4     [c] 6     [c*] 9     [c] 2

[f] No. Number 2 is pointing to the cell membrane, which functions as the cell’s selectively permeable boundary. The cell’s control center is a spherical region deep inside the cell. Another hint is that this is the part that holds the cell’s chromosomes.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 4 is pointing to the cell’s large, central vacuole, which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape. The cell’s control center is a spherical region deep inside the cell. Another hint is that this is the part that holds the cell’s chromosomes.

[f] No. Number 6 is pointing to the Golgi apparatus, which is responsible for packaging and sorting proteins. The cell’s control center is a spherical region deep inside the cell. Another hint is that this is the part that holds the cell’s chromosomes.

[f] Exactly. Number 9 is pointing to the nucleus, the cell’s control center.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 2 is pointing to the cell membrane, which functions as the cell’s selectively permeable boundary. The cell’s control center is a spherical region deep inside the cell. Another hint is that this is the part that holds the cell’s chromosomes.

[!] Question 7++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the part that stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape?

[c] 2     [c*] 4     [c] 6     [c] 8     [c] 10

[f] No. Number 2 is pointing to the cell membrane, which functions as the cell’s selectively permeable boundary. The storage organelle that you’re looking for is a huge, membrane-bound region in the center of the cell.

[f] Awesome!. Number 4 is pointing to the cell’s large, central vacuole, which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape.

[f] No. Number 6 is pointing to the Golgi apparatus, which is responsible for packaging and sorting proteins. The storage organelle that you’re looking for is a huge, membrane-bound region in the center of the cell.

[f] Not quite. Number 8 is pointing to one of the cell’s chromosomes, which store the cell’s hereditary information. The storage organelle that you’re looking for is a huge, membrane-bound region in the center of the cell.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 10 is pointing to a chloroplast, which performs photosynthesis. The storage organelle that you’re looking for is a huge, membrane-bound region in the center of the cell.

[!] Question 8++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to one of the cell’s “energy factories,” a part that can create the energy molecule ATP from sugar?

[c] 6     [c] 9     [c] 10     [c] 4     [c*] 5

[f] That’s not correct. Number 6 is pointing to the Golgi apparatus, which is responsible for packaging and sorting proteins. The cellular energy factories that you’re looking for is one of the two organelles that look somewhat like bacterial cells living inside the plant cell.

[f] No. Number 9 is pointing to the nucleus, the cell’s control center. The cellular energy factories that you’re looking for is one of the two organelles that look somewhat like bacterial cells living inside the plant cell.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 10 is pointing to a chloroplast, which performs photosynthesis. The cellular energy factories that you’re looking for is one of the two organelles that look somewhat like bacterial cells living inside the plant cell.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 4 is pointing to the cell’s large, central vacuole, which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape. The cellular energy factories that you’re looking for is one of the two organelles that look somewhat like bacterial cells living inside the plant cell.

[f] Terrific, Number 5 is pointing to a mitochondrion, which serves as the cell’s energy factory.

[!] Question 9++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the part responsible for packaging and sorting proteins?

[c*] 6     [c] 7     [c] 9     [c] 10     [c] 2

[f] Nice Job! Number 6 is pointing to the Golgi apparatus, which is responsible for packaging and sorting proteins. The Golgi receives these proteins from the rough endoplasmic reticulum, and then passes them on to organelles such as lysosomes, or to the membrane for export from the cell.

[f] No. That’s not correct. Number 7 is pointing to the endoplasmic reticulum, which manufactures membrane-bound proteins, proteins for export, and lipids. The part responsible for packaging and sorting these proteins looks like a stack of flattened sacs located in the region between the endoplasmic reticulum and the membrane.

[f] No. Number 9 is pointing to the nucleus, the cell’s control center. The part responsible for packaging and sorting proteins looks like a stack of flattened sacs located in the region between the endoplasmic reticulum and the membrane.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 10 is pointing to a chloroplast, which performs photosynthesis. The part responsible for packaging and sorting proteins looks like a stack of flattened sacs located in the region between the endoplasmic reticulum and the membrane.

[f] No. Number 2 is pointing to the cell membrane, which functions as the cell’s selectively permeable boundary. The part responsible for packaging and sorting proteins looks like a stack of flattened sacs located in the region between the endoplasmic reticulum and the membrane.

[!] Question 10+++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing the part that stores genetic information?

[c] 4    [c] 6     [c*] 8     [c] 9     [c] 2

[f] No. That’s not correct. Number 4 is pointing to the cell’s large, central vacuole, which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape. To find the part that stores genetic information, look inside the cell’s nucleus.

[f] No. Number 6 is pointing to the Golgi apparatus, which is responsible for packaging and sorting proteins. To find the part that stores genetic information, look inside the cell’s nucleus.

[f] Fabulous! Number 8 is pointing to one of the cell’s chromosomes, which store the cell’s hereditary information.

[f] No (but your answer is very close to being correct). Number 9 is pointing to the nucleus, the cell’s control center. To find the part that stores genetic information, look inside the cell’s nucleus.

[f] No. That’s not correct. Number 2 is pointing to the cell membrane, which functions as the cell’s selectively permeable boundary. To find the part that stores genetic information, look inside the cell’s nucleus.

[!] Question 11++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing toward the the part that’s made of cellulose?

[c] 5     [c] 7     [c] 9     [c*] 1     [c] 3

[f] No. Number 5 is pointing to a mitochondrion, which serves as the cell’s energy factory. The part that’s made of cellulose is the outer boundary of a plant cell.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 7 is pointing to the endoplasmic reticulum, which manufactures membrane-bound proteins, proteins for export, and lipids. The part that’s made of cellulose is the outer boundary of a plant cell.

[f] No. Number 9 is pointing to the nucleus, the cell’s control center. The cell wall is the outer boundary of a plant cell. The part that’s made of cellulose is the outer boundary of a plant cell.

[f] That’s right. Number 1 is pointing to the cell wall. Its main function is providing plant cell’s with strength and rigidity, and the main component is cellulose, a polysaccharide.

[f] That’s not correct. Number 3 is pointing to the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm is the fluid interior of the cell, and the site of much of the cell’s metabolism. The part that’s made of cellulose is the outer boundary of a plant cell.

[!] Question 12++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to a the part that’s mostly made of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)?

[c] 4     [c] 6     [c*] 8     [c] 9     [c] 2

[f] No. That’s not correct. Number 4 is pointing to the cell’s large, central vacuole, which stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape. To find the part that’s mostly made of DNA, look inside the cell’s nucleus.

[f] No. Number 6 is pointing to the Golgi apparatus, which is responsible for packaging and sorting proteins. To find the part that’s mostly made of DNA, look inside the cell’s nucleus.

[f] Fabulous! Number 8 is pointing to one of the cell’s chromosomes, which store the cell’s hereditary information in the form of DNA.

[f] No (but your answer is very close to being correct). Number 9 is pointing to the nucleus, the cell’s control center. The parts that are made mostly of DNA are inside the nucleus.

[f] No. That’s not correct. Number 2 is pointing to the cell membrane, which functions as the cell’s selectively permeable boundary. To find the part that’s mostly made of DNA, look inside the cell’s nucleus.

[!] Question 13++++++++++++++[/!]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the part which creates glucose (C6H12O6)

[c] 1     [c] 3     [c] 5     [c] 7     [c*] 10

[f] No. Number 1 is pointing to the cell wall. The part that creates glucose looks like a bacterial cell. It’s also green, because it contains the green pigment chlorophyll (which it uses for photosynthesis).

[f] That’s not correct. Number 3 is pointing to the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm is the fluid interior of the cell, and the site of much of the cell’s metabolism. The part that creates glucose looks like a bacterial cell. It’s also green, because it contains the green pigment chlorophyll (which it uses for photosynthesis).

[f] No. Number 5 is pointing to a mitochondrion, which serves as the cell’s energy factory. The part that creates glucose looks like a bacterial cell. It’s also green, because it contains the green pigment chlorophyll (which it uses for photosynthesis).

[f] That’s not correct. Number 7 is pointing to the endoplasmic reticulum, which manufactures membrane-bound proteins, proteins for export, and lipids. The part that creates glucose looks like a bacterial cell. It’s also green, because it contains the green pigment chlorophyll (which it uses for photosynthesis).

[f] Excellent. Number 10 is pointing to a chloroplast, which synthesizes glucose during photosynthesis.

[x]
If you want to take this quiz again, click the button below

[restart]

[/qwiz]

Links

  1. The Endomembrane System (next tutorial in this series)
  2. Cells Structure and Function Main Menu
  3. The Cell Song (Music Video)